ARPAT

Svizzera e Unione europea:
un solo passaporto delle piante



A cura del Servizio Fitopatologico dell'ARPAT di Pistoia



D'ora in poi l'accesso delle piante ai mercati svizzero ed europeo sarà autorizzato con un solo documento, il passaporto delle piante.

Lo scorso 8 marzo, il Comitato misto dell'accordo sullo scambio di prodotti agricoli, ha riconosciuto l'equivalenza tra i provvedimenti fitosanitari adottati in Svizzera e nell'Unione europea (UE). Tale accordo, che entrerà in vigore il 1° aprile 2004, facilita lo scambio di vegetali fra le due parti. Inoltre, l'accordo rende più agevole la cooperazione fra i servizi incaricati di lottare contro l'introduzione e la diffusione di malattie e organismi nocivi dei vegetali.

Attualmente le importazioni e le esportazioni di piante e prodotti vegetali devono essere accompagnate da un certificato fitosanitario. A partire dal 1 aprile, per i vegetali provenienti dall'UE e per i vegetali svizzeri esportati nell'UE tale esigenza sarà soppressa.

L'accordo siglato sancisce che i vegetali potranno essere importati se accompagnati dal passaporto delle piante ai sensi delle esigenze vigenti nell'UE relative all'accesso al mercato europeo. Allo stesso modo, i vegetali prodotti in Svizzera potranno essere esportati se accompagnati dal passaporto delle piante stabilito conformemente alle esigenze svizzere. Ciò significa che per i vegetali prodotti nel nostro Paese sarà sufficiente un solo documento per accedere ai mercati svizzeri ed europei.

Si ricorda che la Confederazione Elvetica è zona protetta per Erwinia amylovora e pertanto tutte le piante ospiti di questo patogeno (MALUS, PYRUS, ERIOBOTRYA, CRATEGUS, CHAENOMELES, SORBUS L., CYDONIA, MESPILUS) devono essere accompagnate da passaporto ZP. Le uniche piante di cui è vietata l'introduzione in Svizzera rimangono il Cotoneaster spp. e la Stranvesia.

Si Allega la nuova versione dell'allegato numero 4 dell'ordinanza sulla protezione dei vegetali in Svizzera del 28/03/01 che riporta le specie da passoporto.

APPENDIX 1

Plants, plant products and other objects.

A.           plants, plant products and other objects, originating in either Party, for which both Parties have similar legislation leading to equivalent results and recognise the plant passport

1.      Plants and plant products

1.1.    Plants intended for planting, not including seeds

          Beta vulgaris L.

          Humulus lupulus L.

          Prunus L., not including Prunus laurocerasus L. and Prunus lusitanica L.

1.2.    Plants not including fruit or seeds, but including live pollen for pollination

          Chaenomeles Lindl.

          Crataegus L.

          Cydonia Mill.

          Eriobotrya Lindl.

          Malus Mill.

          Mespilus L.

          Pyracantha Roem.

          Pyrus L.

          Sorbus L., not including Sorbus intermedia (Ehrh.) Pers.

1.3.    Plants of stoloniferous and tuberous species intended for planting

          Solanum L. and hybrids thereof

1.4.    Plants, not including fruit

          Vitis L.

1.5.   Plants, not including fruit or seeds

          Rhododendron spp., not including Rhododendron simsii Planch.

          Viburnum spp.

1.6.   Wood which has totally or partially retained its natural round surface, with or without bark, or which is presented in the form of chips, particles, sawdust, wood waste or scrap

(a)     where it has been obtained in whole or in part from the plants as described hereafter:

          Castanea Mill., excluding wood which has been stripped of bark,

          Platanus L., including wood which has not kept its natural round surface, and

(b)     where it meets one of the following descriptions:

CN Code

Description

4401 10 00

Fuel wood, in logs, in billets, in twigs, in faggots or in similar forms

4401 22 00

Wood in chips or particles

ex 4401 30

Wood waste and scrap, not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms

4403 99

Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or squared:

     other than treated with paint, stains, creosote or other preservatives,

     other than coniferous, Quercus spp. or Fagus spp.

ex 4404 20 00

Split poles: piles, pickets and stakes of wood, pointed but not sawn lengthwise:

     other than coniferous,

4406 10 00

Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood

     not impregnated

ex 4407 99

 

 

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, not planed, sanded or finger-jointed, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm; in particular beams, planks, flitches, boards, laths:

     other than coniferous, tropical woods, Quercus spp. or Fagus spp.

1.7.    Isolated bark

          Castanea Mill.

2.      Plants, plant products and other objects produced by producers authorised to produce for sale to persons professionally engaged in plant production, other than plants, plant products and other objects prepared and ready for sale to the final consumer and for which it is guaranteed that the production thereof is clearly separate from that of other products

2.1.    Plants intended for planting, not including seeds

          Abies Mill.

          Apium graveolens L.

          Argyranthemum spp.

          Aster spp.

          Brassica spp.

          Castanea Mill.

          Cucumis spp.

          Dendranthema (DC) Des Moul.

          Dianthus L. and hybrids thereof

         Exacum spp.

          Fragaria L.

          Gerbera Cass.

          Gypsophila L.

          Impatiens L.: all varieties of hybrids from New Guinea

          Lactuca spp.

         Larix Mill.

          Leucanthemum L.

          Lupinus L.

          Pelargonium L’Hérit. ex Ait.

          Picea A. Dietr.

          Pinus L.

          Platanus L.

          Populus L.

          Prunus laurocerasus L. and Prunus lusitanica L.

          Pseudotsuga Carr.

          Quercus L.

          Rubus L.

          Spinacia L.

          Tanacetum L.

          Tsuga Carr.

          Verbena L.

          and other plants of herbaceous species, other than plants of the family Gramineae, bulbs, corms, rhizomes and tubers.

2.2.    Plants intended for planting, not including seeds

          Solanaceae, other than those referred to in item 1.3.

2.3.   Rooted plants or plants with an attached or associated cultivation medium

          Araceae

          Marantaceae

          Musaceae

          Persea spp.

          Strelitziaceae

2.4.   Seeds and bulbs intended for planting

          Allium ascalonicum L.

          Allium cepa L.

          Allium schoenoprasum L.

2.5.    Plants intended for planting

          Allium porrum L.

2.6.    Bulbs and bulbous rhizomes intended for planting

          Camassia Lindl.

          Chionodoxa Boiss.

          Crocus flavus Weston cv. Golden Yellow

          Galanthus L.

          Galtonia candicans (Baker) Decne

          Gladiolus Tourn. ex L.: miniaturised varieties and hybrids thereof, such as G. callianthus Marais, G. colvillei Sweet, G. nanus hort., G. ramosus hort. and G. tubergenii hort.

          Hyacinthus L.

          Iris L.

          Ismene Herbert (= Hymenocallis Salisb.)

          Muscari Mill.

          Narcissus L.

          Ornithogalum L.

         Puschkinia Adams

          Scilla L.

          Tigridia Juss.

          Tulipa L.

B.           Plants, plant products and other objects, originating outside the territories of the Parties, for which the plant-health provisions of both Parties relating to imports lead to equivalent results and which may be traded between them with a plant passport if they are listed in Part A of this Appendix or freely if not listed therein.

1.      Without prejudice to the plants listed in part C of this Appendix, all plants intended for planting, not including seeds

2.      Seeds

2.1.    Seeds originating in Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Chile, New Zealand or Uruguay

          Cruciferae

          Gramineae not including Oryza spp.

          Trifolium spp.

2.2.    Seeds originating elsewhere than in the territory of either Party

          Allium ascalonicum L.

          Allium cepa L.

          Allium porrum L.

          Allium schoenoprasum L.

          Capsicum spp.

          Helianthus annuus L.

          Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Karst. ex Farw.

          Medicago sativa L.

          Phaseolus L.

         Prunus L.

          Rubus L.

          Zea mays L.

2.3.    Seeds originating in Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa or the United States:

          Triticum

          Secale

          X Triticosecale

3.       Parts of plants, not including fruit or seeds

           Acer saccharum Marsh., originating in North American countries

           Apium graveolens L. (leafy vegetables)

           Aster spp. originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

           Castanea Mill.

           Conifers (Coniferales)

           Dendranthema (DC) Des Moul.

         Dianthus L.

         Eryngium L., originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

         Gypsophila L.

         Hypericum L., originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

         Lisianthus L., originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

         Ocimum L. (leafy vegetables)

         Orchidaceae (cut flowers)

         Pelargonium L’Hérit. ex Ait.

         Populus L.

         Prunus L., originating in non-European countries

         Rhododendron spp., not including Rhododendron simsii Planch.

         Rosa L., originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

         Quercus L.

         Solidago L.

         Trachelium L., originating in non-European countries (cut flowers)

         Viburnum spp.

4.       Fruit

         Annona L., originating in non-European countries

         Cydonia L., originating in non-European countries

         Diospyros L., originating in non-European countries

         Malus Mill., originating in non-European countries

         Mangifera L., originating in non-European countries

         Momordica L.

         Passiflora L., originating in non-European countries

         Prunus L., originating in non-European countries

         Psidium L., originating in non-European countries

         Pyrus L., originating in non-European countries

         Ribes L., originating in non-European countries

         Solanum melongena L.

         Syzygium Gaertn., originating in non-European countries

         Vaccinium L., originating in non-European countries

5.      Tubers other than for planting

         Solanum tuberosum L.

6.       Wood which has totally or partially retained its natural round surface, with or without bark, or which is presented in the form of chips, particles, sawdust, wood waste or scrap

(a)     where it has been obtained in whole or in part from the plants as described hereafter:

               Castanea Mill.

               Castanea Mill., Quercus L., including wood which has not retained its natural round surface, originating in countries in North America

               Conifers (Coniferales) other than Pinus L., including wood which has not retained its natural round surface, originating in non-European countries

               Platanus L., Pinus L., including wood which has not kept its natural round surface

               Populus L., originating in countries of the American continent

               Acer saccharum Marsh., including wood which has not kept its natural surface, originating in North American countries and

(b)     where it meets one of the following descriptions:

CN Code

Description

4401 10 00

Fuel wood, in logs, in billets, in twigs, in faggots or in similar forms

ex 4401 21 00

Wood in chips or particles:

     coniferous, originating in non-European countries

4401 22

Wood in chips or particles:

     other than coniferous,

ex 4401 30

Wood waste and scrap, not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms

ex 4403 20

Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or squared:

     other than treated with paint, stains, creosote or other preservatives,

coniferous, originating in non-European countries

4403 91 00

Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sapwood, or squared:

     other than treated with paint, stains, creosote or other preservatives

     of Quercus spp.

4403 99

Wood in the rough, whether or not stripped of bark or sap wood, or squared:

     other than treated with paint, stains, creosote or other preservatives

     other than coniferous, Quercus spp. or Fagus spp.

ex 4404 10 00

Split poles: piles, pickets and stakes of wood, pointed but not sawn lengthwise:

     coniferous, originating in non-European countries

ex 4404 20 00

Split poles: piles, pickets and stakes of wood, pointed but not sawn lengthwise:

     other than coniferous,

4406 10 00

Railway or tramway sleepers (cross-ties) of wood

     not impregnated

ex 4407 10

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, not planed, sanded or finger-jointed, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm; in particular beams, planks, flitches, boards, laths:

     coniferous, originating in non-European countries

ex 4407 91

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, not planed, sanded or finger-jointed, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm; in particular beams, planks, flitches, boards, laths:

     of Quercus spp.

ex 4407 99

Wood sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, not planed, sanded or finger-jointed, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm; in particular beams, planks, flitches, boards, laths:

     other than coniferous, tropical woods, Quercus spp. or Fagus spp.

ex 4415 10

Packing cases, boxes, crates and drums of wood originating in non-European countries

ex 4415 20

Pallets, box pallets and other load boards, of wood originating in non-European countries

ex 4416 00

Barrels of wood, including staves, of Quercus spp.

          Pallets and box pallets (CN code ex 4415 20) are also exempted where they satisfy the standards applicable to "UIC" pallets and bear a mark attesting to such compliance.

7.       Soil and growing medium

(a)     Soil and growing medium as such, which consists in whole or in part of soil or solid organic substances such as parts of plants, humus including peat or bark, other than that composed entirely of peat;

(b)     Soil and growing medium, attached to or associated with plants, consisting in whole or in part of material specified in (a) or consisting in part of any solid inorganic substance, intended to sustain the vitality of the plants, originating in:

               Turkey

               Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia or Ukraine,

               non-European countries, other than Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia.

8.      Isolated bark of:

               conifers (Coniferales)

9.       Cereals of the following species originating in Afghanistan, India, Iraq, Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, South Africa or the United States:

         Triticum

         Secale

         X Triticosecale

C.           Plants, plant products and other objects, originating in either Party, for which the Parties do not have similar legislation and do not recognise the plant passport.

1.      Plants and plant products coming from Switzerland which must be accompanied by a plant-health certificate when imported by a Member State of the Community

1.1.    Plants intended for planting, not including seeds

          Clausena Burm. f.

          Murraya Koenig ex L.

          Palmae, not including Phoenix spp. originating in Algeria or Morocco

1.2.    Parts of plants, not including fruit or seeds

          Phoenix spp.

1.3.   Seeds

          Oryza spp.

1.4.    Fruit

          Citrus L. and hybrids thereof

          Fortunella Swingle and hybrids thereof

          Poncirus Raf. and hybrids thereof

2.      Plants and plant products coming from a Member State of the Community which must be accompanied by a plant-health certificate when imported into Switzerland

3.       Plants and plant products coming from Switzerland importation of which into a Member State of the Community is prohibited

3.1.    Plants, not including fruit or seeds

          Citrus L. and hybrids thereof

          Fortunella Swingle and hybrids thereof

          Phoenix spp. originating in Algeria or Morocco

          Poncirus Raf. and hybrids thereof

4.      Plants and plant products coming from a Member State of the Community importation of which into Switzerland is prohibited

4.1.    Plants

          Cotoneaster Ehrh.

          Stranvaesia Lindl.

 


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